Pilot 6.1 | EO4D_ASH - EO Data for Detection, Discrimination & Distribution (4D) of Volcanic ash

Pilot 6.1 | EO4D_ASH - EO Data for Detection, Discrimination & Distribution (4D) of Volcanic ash

Volcanic eruptions are a natural disaster with the largest impact on society and environment. Even if they are relatively rare, the effects of eruptions on human health and economy might be very severe. Last but not least example is the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption, which volcanic clouds caused 1.3 billion euro direct costs to the airline industry and significant impacts to general economic activity in Europe.

As reported in the EU Directive on European critical infrastructures and assessment of the need to improve their protection, there is a need to improve the critical infrastructure protection capability in Europe and to help reduce vulnerabilities concerning critical infrastructures. In particular, air traffic is indicated as a European critical infrastructure.

/ Objectives
  • To strengthen the EO and in-situ data exploitation and multi-source (satellite, remotely sensed, crowd, and ground-based network) data integration to derive innovation for ash discrimination and monitoring
  • To enhance the capability of 4D forecasting volcanic ash dispersal
  • To foster innovation in the decision making processes and mitigate ash related impact and hazard resilience
/ Partners


/ Key Users

VAACs, Airlines responsible, Pilots, Policy Makers, Tourism Investors

/ Key Datasets

The service will take the most from EPOS, lidar and in situ observation data collected at Mt Etna and Iceland volcanoes GEO supersites; ACTRIS aerosol optical property profiles over Europe; ACTRIS ash vertical mask over Europe; ACTRIS ash concentration over Europe; ash plume tracking using MSG-SEVIRI, AVHRR, MODIS, and SLSTR –Sentinel 3; SO2 tracking and aerosol index from OMI and OMPS; forecast of ash dispersal by SILAM chemistry transport model based on data assimilation and FLEXPART-WRF transport model.

/ ID Card
Expected outcome of the pilot

The pilot will provide a common ground for satellite, ground-based, and model data relative to monitoring a volcanic eruption. The tailoring of the data (volcanic-specific data) as well as the synergistic use of the data (model assimilation and model parameterization) provide insight in the hazardous nature of the eruptions and aims to enhance the resilience of the aviation sector

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